Storytelling Matters

The Live Art and the Power of Words

Daily Ghost Post – J is for Jersey Devil

I married a New Jersey guy, devil that he is… though the Jersey Devil has little to do with him. I hope.

There is a forested region of southern New Jersey alternatively called the Pinelands, the Pines, or the Pine Barrens. In 1735, the Leeds family lived there. Full of fragrant pine trees and free of the rancor of colonial urban life, it was a perfect place for Mr. and Mrs. Leeds to raise their 12 children.

But life wasn’t exactly bucolic when Mother Leeds discovered that she was pregnant with her 13th child. She cried and screamed, “This one is surely a devil!”

It was a dark and stormy night when she went into labor. The winds howled. Mother Leeds howled. When the baby was finally born, it also howled. And when the Leeds baby’s crying died down, something just a bit out of the ordinary happened. The baby grew horns on its head. Its tiny body stretched and its arms became wings. Then it screeched and flew up the chimney, but not before it killed the midwife.

The Leeds Devil, or the Jersey Devil, has terrorized people, off and on, ever since. It has been said to slash the throats of animals and people, devour children, and can leap over a cranberry bog in a single bound. Books and newspaper stories document eyewitness accounts of the fleeting creature. The image and the story is so famous in New Jersey that businesses and sports teams carry its name.

The Leeds family’s experience is but one version of the origin story of a bat-winged, goat headed, cloven hoofed, kangaroo-like, cattle-killing beast that haunts the Pine Barrens. Another account suggests that the birth of the devil was a curse on Mrs. Leeds because she was rude to a preacher. (There are definite discrepancies about the look of the beast, for slightly different description, head here).

There is another Jersey Devil origin story that is of a more political nature. Dabbed with religious intrigue, it is a complicated tale that has one thing in common with the Mother Leeds tale – it is about a colonial family also named Leeds who also lived near Leeds Point. This Loyalist family tangled with the Patriots, Quakers, and Ben Franklin’s rapacious wit. Franklin referred to Titan Leeds, a rival Almanack publisher, as a ghost – this moniker was used for Leeds while he was living and after he died. Over time and through folk imagination, perhaps he was transformed into the Jersey Devil.

Sightings in the 19th century and a fabled string of sightings in 1909 suggest that the Devil was active in the past. But recent reported encounters with strange leaping beasts, unidentified screeches, and hoofed footprints (as documented by some folks who host a website devoted to Jersey Devil sightings) suggest that people currently believe that something is haunting the place. A gentleman names Fred Brown, interviewed for John McPhee’s late 20th century book, Pine Barrens, believed in the Jersey Devil with his whole heart.

It may be of interest to note that the Native American tribes of that region, the Lenape, identified the Pine Barrens as a place of dragons. Is that because they saw a dragon? A Jersey Devil? Or was “dragon” the way they described the local bird called the sandhill crane? No one knows for sure.

Whether it is an indigenous dragon, a cursed baby, the ghost of Titan Leeds, or a sandhill crane, there is something afoot in Southern New Jersey. Just ask Fred Brown.

Do you have a local, legendary creature that haunts or frightens people? I’d love to hear about it….so would other readers of the blog I suspect…. 🙂


Copyright 2015 The Storycrafters. All rights reserved.

McMahon, William (1987). Pine Barrens: Legends and Lore. Mid-Atlantic Press.
McPhee, John (1968). The Pine Barrens. Farrar, Strauss & Giroux.
Regal, Brian
Wikipedia – New Jersey Devil

PHOTO CREDIT: By Philadelphia Newspaper (Philadelphia Papers in 1909) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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14 thoughts on “Daily Ghost Post – J is for Jersey Devil

  1. I’m from the Pine Barrens, and I grew up haunted by that Jersey Devil. Now it makes little appearances in my novel.

  2. Spooky!

    I just remember that my own hometown, in Chihuahua, Mexico, has a creepy legend!

    It’s called “La Leyenda de la Pascualita” or the Pascualita Leyend.

    They say that Pacualita died the day of her wedding, stung by a scorpion. Her heartbroken mother, owner of a bridesmaids shop, embalm her and placed her body her by the window as a mannequin, wearing the bridal gowns the store sells. The mother died, and never revealed if this legend was true or not. The brides store is still open as of today. And Pascualita is there in display at the main window, making people wonder if its a corpse or not.

    I have seen this her myself. She looks so real. There is something about the texture of the skin, and her eyes…they follow you. People say it shifts position overnight. Some claim they have seen her moving (there is also a video somewhere where her facial expressions seems to change). Definetely, Pacualita doesn’t seem like a common mannequin at all, and causes a feeling of uneasiness when you walk y the shop.

    I found a page in English if anyone wants to read more.

  3. Hey, I knew this legend 🙂

    Personally, I think it’s the Lenape’s sandhill crane… but I don’t think they called it ‘dragon’ 😉

  4. I had no idea what the Jersey Devils name was all about. Cool!

  5. What an amazing creature. I love monsterology and I’m a big fan of the Greek hippocampus (creature, not part of the brain).

    Good luck with the 2015 A to Z Challenge!
    A to Z Co-Host S. L. Hennessy

    • Yes, monsters are fun too – I have struggled to stay away from them during this A to Z theme…. the hippocampus is wonderful. Thanks for visiting and good luck to you with A to Z. Thanks for hosting 🙂

  6. A monster’s not a monster until it devours children. 😉 I hadn’t heard of the Jersey Devil, kind of reminds me of a post about a mothman I read over on J.H. Moncrieff’s blog ( Strange, winged creatures seem to be alive and well in US.

  7. It’s pretty boring round here – no monsters that I know of. You have to head to the West Country and places like that with moors for monsters. 🙂 The Jersey Devil seems like a very odd sort of monster and one you don’t want to meet on a dark night.
    Tasha’s Thinkings | Wittegen Press | FB3X (AC)

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